On Wed, 30 Oct 2019 07:53:41 -0700 (PDT), "Peter T. Daniels"
Post by Peter T. Daniels Post by Peter Moylan Post by Lazypierrot
I would like to know whether the two "form(s)" in the following
passages (a) and (b), one in "this differene in form", the other in
"a different set of physical forms", mean the same thing, or each
means a different thing. In other words, does the "form" in "this
difference in form" mean "physical forms" in the latter passage(b)?
(a) On the surface, signed languages appear to differ radically from
spoken languages. Most obviously, spoken languages make use of sound
channels, while signed languages make use of visual channels. But
*this difference in form* between signed and spoken languages
obscures substantial similarities between the two types of language.
(b) Signed languages share fundamental characteristics of spoken
languages but express them with *a different set of physical forms*.
Researchers can use the contrast between these two language types to
understand the process of language acquisition.
They do not mean the same thing. In (b), the reference is to the bodily
attitudes used to express a sign. In (a), the contrast is between the
bodily attitudes used in signed languages and the spoken languages that
do not use those bodily attitudes.
I don't think that's right -- or, what do you mean by "attitudes"? (Cf.
the "Anglo-Saxon attitudes" in *1066 and All That* -- a reference that
whooshes me entirely.)
I interpret that use of "attitude" to mean "posture" or "position of the
That seems to be the original sense of the word.
1. In Fine Arts: The ‘disposition’ of a figure in statuary or
painting; hence, the posture given to it. (Now merged in sense 2.)
a. A posture of the body proper to, or implying, some action or
mental state assumed by human beings or animals. to strike an
attitude: to assume it theatrically, and not as the unstudied
expression of action or passion.
d. Dance. A posture or disposition of the body; spec. a form of
3. Settled behaviour or manner of acting, as representative of
feeling or opinion.
a. attitude of mind n. deliberately adopted, or habitual, mode
of regarding the object of thought.
Peter Duncanson, UK