Post by Jerry Friedman Post by Dingbat
There seem to be multiple meters of quatrains which must be why these
are qualified as decasyllabic
Decasyllabic quatrain used by John Dryden in Annus Mirabilis, William Davenant in Gondibert, and Thomas Gray
The more specific "heroic quatrain" or "iambic pentameter quatrain"
would be better.
Post by Dingbat
There are many named kinds of cinquain, with different meters
So, is a limerick a kind of cinquain? If not why not?
Technically, yes. (Likewise a sonnet is a kind of quatorzain.)
However, it would be unusual to call it a cinquain since everyone knows
(more or less) what "limerick" means. Also, I believe, "cinquain" has
come to be associated with Adelaide Crapsey's invention that that site
calls the American cinquain, and I guess with the didactic cinquain,
which may be after my time.
In English verse
Were devised by a bard
Whose name (alas!) was Adelaide
--John Hollander, in /Rhyme's Reason/
Re Crapsey: I have got Henry Moule and Thomas Crapper muddled together,
so I apologise to both of them posthumously.
"The word 'crap' is...of Middle English origin and predates its application
to bodily waste. Its most likely etymological origin is a combination of
two older words: the Dutch krappen (to pluck off, cut off, or separate)
and the Old French crappe (siftings, waste or rejected matter, from the
medieval Latin crappa). In English, it was used to refer to chaff and also
to weeds or other rubbish. Its first application to bodily waste, according
to the Oxford English Dictionary, appeared in 1846, 10 years after Crapper
was born, under a reference to a crapping ken, or a privy, where ken means
D'ye ken John Peel?